An Essential Change: NEP 2020

Updated: Sep 5

The National Education Policy 2020 approved by the Union Cabinet on July 29, is a welcome change for all the citizens of India. It is an important step taken in India’s transition from deprivation to development. It emphasizes on holistic multidisciplinary education for future nation’s stakeholders. It marks the fourth major policy initiative in education since Independence. The last one was taken 34 years ago and modified once in 1992.



Important Changes
  • The NEP 2020 aims at making “India a global knowledge superpower”. The Cabinet has also approved the renaming of the Ministry of Human Resource Development to the Ministry of Education.

  • The current 10+2 system to be replaced by a new 5+3+3+4 curricular structure corresponding to ages 3-8, 8-11, 11-14, and 14-18 years respectively.

  • Class 10 and 12 board examinations to be made easier, to test core competencies rather than memorised facts, with all students allowed to take the exam twice.

  • Vocational Education to start from Class 6 with Internships.

  • Holistic Undergraduate education with a flexible curriculum can be of 3 or 4 years with multiple exit options and appropriate certification within this period.

  • Multidisciplinary Education and Research Universities (MERUs), at par with IITs, IIMs, to be set up as models of best multidisciplinary education of global standards in the country. The National Research Foundation will be created as an apex body for fostering a strong research culture and building research capacity across higher education.

  • Higher Education Commission of India (HECI) will be set up as a single umbrella body for the entire higher education, excluding medical and legal education. Public and private higher education institutions will be governed by the same set of norms for regulation, accreditation and academic standards.

These are some of the substantial changes that the new NEP aspires to implement.


Currently, India spends around 4.6 % of its total GDP on education. The new NEP also aims to increase the public investment in the Education sector to reach 6% of GDP at the earliest.

The new NEP acknowledges the 21st century need for mobility, flexibility, alternate pathways to learning, multi-disciplinary courses and self-actualisation. If the implementation is as efficient as this glorious policy, we can see a new and self-aware India soon.


Sources: The Hindu

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